Regular Mutual Funds vs Direct Mutual Funds
Starting Jan 1, 2013, every Mutual Fund in India comes in two flavors – a ‘Regular Plan’ and ‘Direct Plan’. Regular and Direct Mutual Funds are the exact same scheme, run by the same fund managers investing in the same stocks and bonds, but with one difference…
The Regular Plan Costs you much more!
A Regular Plan is one in which the Mutual Fund Company pays your broker back a hidden % commission every quarter. This commission comes out of your investments, although you never ever write a cheque for it.
But when you buy a Direct Plan instead, no commissions are paid to anyone. The commissions which were not paid to your broker are instead ADDED to your investment balance at the Mutual Fund.
Different NAVs and Different Returns
A Regular Plan and Direct Plan of the same Mutual Fund Schemes will each have a different expense ratio (annual cost of owning the mutual fund scheme). The expense ratio of Direct Plans is lower on account of the savings in commissions paid out to brokers.
This savings in commissions is added to the returns of the scheme – and passed on to you, the customer, in the form of a higher Net Asset Value (NAV) each day!
And so the NAV of Direct Mutual Funds is relatively higher than Regular Plans. This does not mean that Direct plans are more expensive! Instead, this means that Direct Plans have given you better returns on your savings and the NAVs have grown higher.
My investment advisor tells me these commissions don’t matter in the long run?
Your agent will probably tell you that it doesn’t really matter which plan you invest in. After all, he only earns a small fee for his services.
But that small fee adds up to a lot! Take the case of a 35-year- old investor putting Rs 10 lakhs in a Regular Plan of a Mutual Fund, which grows at 8% a year (less 1% commission). When he retires at age 65, this investment would be worth Rs 76 lakhs. On the other hand, if he switched to a Direct Plan of the exact same Mutual Fund an eliminated this 1% annual commission, his retirement pot would become Rs 1 crore over the same period.
In other words, by buying a Regular Plan, a quarter of your hard-earned retirement savings could wind up in your broker’s pocket. You could have spent that on your kids, but instead your broker gets to spend your money on his kids.
When you’re looking to invest your savings into Mutual Funds, you should look for an investment advisor that truly works in your interest. Most good advisors these days will not sell or recommend Regular Mutual Funds because these end up costing you a recurring, hidden brokerage fee, year after year, forever.
I’ve already invested in Mutual Funds. Did I buy Direct Mutual Funds or a Regular ones?
The simplest way to know this is to check your statement. If your scheme name says Regular, you have invested in a Regular plan. Or just think about how you invested in Mutual Funds in the first place:
- If you have invested through your bank, you have invested in a regular plan and are paying hidden brokerage.
- If your agent is not charging you anything or tells you his advice is for ‘free,’ you have invested in a regular plan and are paying hidden brokerage.
- If your agent says he gets paid by the mutual fund company, you have invested in a regular plan and are paying hidden brokerage.
- If your bank/broker/agent/distributor/advisor has not told you explicitly about which plan you are investing in, you have invested in a regular plan an are paying hidden brokerage.
How do I buy a Direct Plan? And can you help me pick which scheme to invest in?
Until recently, the only way to buy a Direct Plan was to register at the Mutual Fund Company’s websites, remember tens of passwords and do your KYC each time. At MobiKwik Money, we offer the convenience of one-time registration, recommend the best possible funds, and let you buy any Direct Mutual Fund in India.
his post has been reviewed by Kunal Bajaj.
Kunal Bajaj is the Business Head, Wealth and Head of Corporate Development at MobiKwik.
Kunal has 18 years of experience in Institutional Equity Sales & Risk Management at some of the world’s largest financial institutions like Credit Suisse, J.P. Morgan, CLSA and Goldman Sachs Japan. His last role was Managing Director and Head of Equity Sales at Jefferies India before he took the entrepreneurial to set up Clearfunds in 2016. He is also a rank-holding Chartered Accountant.